Spleen

Discuss the medical implications and realities of close quarters combat as it relates to human anatomy and physiology.

Moderator: San Soo Sifu

Spleen

Postby San Soo Sifu » Sat Mar 08, 2014 9:48 pm

Dave Lorenson wrote:From: Sifu Dave
To: All
4/30/01

Target: Spleen

Effective Strikes: Again, similar to other abdominal internal organs -- one knuckle punches, and other penetrating strikes; blunt strikes such as palms are also useful, but usually less damaging.

Patho-physiology: The spleen is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen directly below the diaphragm, above the left kidney and descending colon, and behind the fundus of the stomach. It varies in size greatly between people and even varies in the same individual at different times. This is because within the spleen are numerous areas of lymphatic tissue and many venous sinuses which increase or decrease in size depending on the needs of the body at the time. For instance, in time of infection the spleen will enlarge, much like lymph nodes, to enhance production of immune system cells and allow for better filtration of blood.

The spleen plays a part in the body's defense against micro-organisms, hemopoiesis (formation of blood cells - red and white), red blood cell and platelet destruction (part of the replacement system), and serves as a blood reservoir. This is another good reason for including the spleen as a target in self-defense. The normal volume of 350ml is considerable and bleeding can increase dramatically when a rupture occurs. Even blunt trauma to the abdomen can cause splenic rupture and quite often the treatment is splenectomy.

A person can survive quite well following removal of the spleen, but there is some difficulty in fighting infections because of decrease in production of immune system cells and decrease in filtration of micro-organisms and dead cells from the blood.

A ruptured spleen does not always cause severe pain, even though it normally is painful. If the rupture is severe, abdominal swelling will result and the victim will suffer shock if not treated in time. Often splenic rupture will occur in motor vehicle accidents from hitting the steering wheel.

Again, there is much more that could be said about this topic, but the basics should be covered.
Hit First...Hit Hard...Hit Often...and Finish Him Off!
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